It would be easy to assume that all the problems were in Israel’s Northern Kingdom, while the Southern Kingdom (Judah) was a portrait of holiness. Micah clears up that misconception. Micah cried out against the false teaching of overconfidence and self-indulgence of Judah’s talking heads: the false prophets. Micah speaks on behalf not of the upper crust of society, but the commoner, the country folk. He hones his sights on Judah’s leadership: kings and leaders who hate good and love evil and have built their society on bloodshed and violence (3:1-10).
Micah did not call anyone to change. From his perspective the people’s “wound is incurable” (1:9). In this way, he was one of the first radicals. While not trying to tear down the institutions of Judah, Micah did discern the political leaders were bringing curses down on everyone’s heads. He subpoenaed everyone into court to be judged by God (6:1). The politicians, prophets, and pastors of his day were all so stubborn that Judah “could only be changed by the dissolution of the structures in which they trusted and the institutions that provided the cover for their underhanded actions.” He lets it slip that the two kingdoms of Israel will be sacked and led away by not one but two nations—Assyria and Babylon (4:8-13). You see, “the false prophets saw no connection between Israel’s sin and the rampaging army, but the true prophet saw the Lord marching above it (Micah 1:3–7) fulfilling the curses he had threatened when he gave Israel her moral covenant at the beginning.”