Exploring Personhood 2022

Amy Peeler: The First and Second Adam and Eve — Gender and Representative Humanity

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For Paul, Adam and Eve both play a role in the drama of sin and death.

The Pauline corpus makes weighty claims about Adam, affirming humanity’s value as the handiwork of God as well as facing its dismal corruption due to sin. This creational narrative culminates for Paul in Jesus the Messiah whom he often casts as the second Adam (Rom 5; 1 Cor 15). Jesus is, in the language of Gen 1, the image of God, the one who affirms that which is good in humanity and the one who releases them from that which has bound them. None doubt that Paul includes the women to whom he is writing in this reality. They too are mortal and, in Christ, will become immortal. Death has lost its sting for all. Yet, the male particularity of the protagonists, Adam and Jesus, raises questions about sexual difference. In this paper, Amy Peeler (Wheaton College) investigates the place of Eve in Paul’s recounting of the creation narrative as a comparison with the way in which women are included in the redemption brought by the second Adam, Jesus the Messiah.

This talk was delivered on Thursday, February 10 at Exploring Personhood: What Is a Human Being? Exploring Personhood began with the authority of the Scriptures and Christian theology. We then invited perspectives from the sciences (biology, genetics, psychology, cognitive science, and anthropology) and humanities (ethics, biblical studies, philosophy, and theology). Our aim was to foster an interdisciplinary dialogue on the Imago Dei, the unity and diversity of the human race, and embodiment — all for the glory of God and the good of the world.


All opinions and views expressed by guest speakers are solely their own. They do not speak for nor represent SEBTS. Read our expressed views and confessions.

This project was made possible through the support of grant #61985 from the John Templeton Foundation. The opinions expressed in this publication are those of the author(s)and do not necessarily reflect the views of the John Templeton Foundation.

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  • Exploring Personhood 2022
  • gender
  • Readers Choice Nominees 2022
  • theological anthropology
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Amy Peeler

Amy Peeler is associate professor of New Testament at Wheaton College and Associate Rector at St. Mark’s Episcopal Church in Geneva, IL. Author of 'You are My Son: The Family of God in the Epistle to the Hebrews' (T&T Clark, 2014) and co-author with Patrick Gray of 'Hebrews: An Introduction and Study Guide' (T&T Clark, 2020). A study of the gender implications of the Incarnation entitled 'Mother of God,' will be released with Eerdmans in Fall 2022, and her next major projects include a commentary on Hebrews and Mark. In addition to her passion for teaching Scripture, Peeler enjoys time with her family as well as running and CrossFit.

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